Quais são os impactos da industria do petróleo no crescimento?

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O Fundo Monetário Internacional publicou recente estudo sobre os reais impactos das descobertas de reservas de petróleo na economia brasileira.

 

Resumo do Estudo: This paper provides evidence of the causal impact of oil discoveries on development. Novel data on the drilling of 20,000 oil wells in Brazil allows us to exploit a quasi-experiment: Municipalities where oil was discovered constitute the treatment group, while municipalities with drilling but no discovery are the control group. The results show that oil discoveries significantly increase per capita GDP and urbanization. We find positive spillovers to non-oil sectors, specifically, an increase in services GDP which stems from higher output per worker. The results are consistent with greater local demand for non-tradable services driven by highly paid oil workers.

Inteiro teor: wp1661

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